Getting fresh air is healthy – but what does it look like when the healthy air makes you sick?
For many people, it is anything but entertaining to spend a few fun hours outdoors, because they have allergies. How nature can make a knit by the bill and what you can do about it, read here.
Symptoms of allergies and asthma
Allergies and asthma have very different symptoms and therefore have to be treated in different ways.
The most common symptoms of allergies include:
- Itching and watery eyes
- Dripping nose
- Scratching neck
- Asthma symptoms include:
- Feeling, the chest narrows
- death rattle
- shortness of breath
- Cough (either early morning or late at night)
- Asthma due to allergies
Many people show a symptom without the others, but allergies can in some cases trigger asthma or worsen it.
In 60% of all people suffering from asthma, a direct relationship to existing allergies can be established and many of the substances that trigger allergies can also trigger asthma. These substances include, for example, pollen, spores, dust or even pet hairs.
When people come into contact with these so-called allergens, the immune system attacks these allergens in the same way that it would attack bacteria or viruses. Therefore, affected often have watery eyes, a dripping nose and cough.
For people with asthma it is therefore recommended that they limit the time they spend outdoors and are not in areas where there are too many flowers.
Genetics has a strong impact on how much a person is affected by allergies. If, for example, both parents have allergies, it is very likely that the child also develops allergies.
If you also have allergies like hay fever, it increases the risk of getting asthma.
How to treat allergies and asthma
Most medications focus on either allergies or asthma, but there are also exceptions:
Montelukast is a medicine used to treat asthma as well as allergies. You have to take a pill every day and the defense response of the body is regulated here.
Immunotherapy is often used for allergies. Here a small portion of the allergen is administered in the form of a syringe and the body can build up resistance to this substance. This type of allergy control requires several syringes and lasts for several years. You could not yet determine exactly how long this therapy takes, but you go from about 3 years.
Anti-immunoglobulin targets the chemicals that trigger the allergic reaction. This method is usually recommended only for people who have asthma and do not respond to other treatment methods.
Although in many cases there is a link between allergies and asthma, asthma can also be caused by many other factors, such as cold air or sports.
The best way to prevent allergies and asthma is to make sure which triggers are most self-affecting.